Kathy Bazoian Phelps
Senior Counsel in Ponzi Scheme Litigation
and Bankruptcy Matters

Kathy is a senior business trial attorney with more than 30 years experience prosecuting and defending claims for high net worth clients involved in Ponzi scheme matters and in bankruptcy proceedings. Kathy’s practice includes recovering assets for clients in complex fraud cases under standard fee and alternative fee arrangements. She also handles SEC and CFTC whistleblower claims. Kathy also serves as a mediator in bankruptcy matters, in complex business disputes, and in matters requiring detailed knowledge about fraud or Ponzi schemes.

Kathy’s Clients in Ponzi Scheme Cases and Bankruptcy Matters
Equity Receivers
Bankruptcy Trustees
High Net Worth Investors
Debtors in Bankruptcy
Secured and Unsecured Creditors

Sunday, June 30, 2019

June 2019 Ponzi Scheme Roundup

Posted by Kathy Bazoian Phelps

Below is a summary of the activity reported for June 2019. The reported stories reflect at least 7 new Ponzi schemes worldwide; at least 7 guilty pleas, over 43 years of newly imposed sentences for people involved in Ponzi schemes; and an average age of approximately 45 for the alleged Ponzi schemers. Please feel free to post comments about these or other Ponzi schemes that I may have missed.
Syed Arham Arbab, 22, was sued by the SEC, who alleged that Arbab was running a Ponzi scheme from his fraternity ho use at the University of Georgia. Arbab told investors that he had earned his undergraduate degree and was pursuing his master’s degree in business. He offered investors returns from two allegedly bogus hedge funds. Arbab started Artis Proficio Capital Investments when he was a junior in college and claimed that it had over 350 members. Arbab also ran Artis P. Capital Management. He claimed that he raised more than $700,000 from 42 individuals, but information sent to investors reflected more than 110 investor accounts and over $2 million raised. Arbab promised annual returns between 22% and 56%.

Yehuda Belsky  aka Jay Bell, 47, of New York, pleaded guilty to charges relating to a binary options and securities Ponzi scheme run through Y Trading, LLC. Belsky was permanently barred from trading in commodities futures transactions and options in 2008 by the CFTC. Belsky represented he was investing investor funds into securities and binary options but instead used the funds for personal expenses and to pay investors who demanded repayment.

Kevin Brody, 55, of Pennsylvania, pleaded guilty to charges relating to a $12 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded at least 50 people. The case against his co-defendant, Matthew Eckstein, is still pending. They ran the scheme through Conmac Funding Corp. and investors were promised that their investments were risk-free. Investors were given usernames and passwords to a website where they could see their account statements and the supposed accrual of interest. Brody and Eckstein used the funds for other businesses including a hamburger restaurant and other personal expenses.
Nickolas M. Godfrey, 41, was sentenced to 37 months in prison and ordered to pay more than $1.6 million in restitution for his involvement in a Ponzi scheme he ran in South Carolina. Godfrey owned the Blakeney Shopping Center and convinced investors to invest in small businesses, taking more than $1 million from more than 20 victims through his company, Coast to Coast Business Funding.
Hunter Hanson, 22, agreed to plead guilty to charges relating to his role in an $11 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded North Dakota and Canadian farmers. Hanson ran the scheme through Midwest Grain Trading, which would purchase grain from sellers in Canada and the U.S. and would take delivery of the grain without paying for it.

Todd Hitt, 54, of Virginia was sentenced to 6½ years in prison in connection with a $20 million Ponzi scheme. Hitt is a real estate developer and was the CEO of Kiddar Capital and a member of the real estate family behind Hitt Contracting. Kiddar Capital claimed to manage $1.4 billion in assets but the FBI has only been able to account for $27 million.

James E. Hocker, 49, was hit with a final judgment in favor of the SEC for his conduct in connection with a $1.5 million Ponzi scheme. The SEC had charged Hocker with running a $1.5 million Ponzi scheme. He was an insurance agent that promised investors returns between 10% and 30% from S&P 500 and other investment vehicles. Hocker was previously sentenced to 17 years in prison.

Konstantin Ignatov pleaded not guilty to charges that he ran a $3.8 billion cryptocurrency Ponzi scheme through OneCoin Ltd. Ignatov and his sister, Ruja Ignatov, were charged and arrested by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Olaf Janke, 48, pleaded guilty to charges relating to the scheme run through Aequitas Capital Management. Co-founder, Brian Oliver, previously pleaded guilty to the scheme. The scheme is estimated to have defrauded more than 1,400 victims out of between $300 million and $600 million.  CEO Robert Jesenik and chief operating officer, N. Scott Gillis, are also believed to be central to the scheme.
Jay B. Ledford, 55, and Kevin B. Merrill, 53, pleaded guilty to charges in connection with a $550 million scheme run with Cameron R. Jezierski, 28, who previously pleaded guilty. They solicited investors to purchase consumer debt portfolios.

Steven A. LeProhon, 30, was accused of running a Ponzi scheme. LeProhon is the owner of Steven LeProhon Marine and Motorsports and is accused of theft and failing to do work as part of a Ponzi-style scheme.

Paul Ricky Mata, of California, was indicted in connection with an alleged $14.5 million real estate scheme. Mata was an elder in the Water of Life Community Church and had allegedly been paid to teach members how to invest. In 2015, the SEC sued Mata and his entities, including Secured Capital Partners LLC, alleging that they had defrauded victims. Mata had formed the unregistered advisory firms Logos Wealth Advisors, Inc., Logos Lifetime University, and Lifetime Enterprises, Inc.

Patrick McDonnell aka Jason Flack, 46, pleaded guilty to running a fraudulent cryptocurrency investment scheme. McDonnell operated a bitcoin trading firm Coin Drop Markets. McDonnell claims that investors could make a 300% return on investments in less than a week and issued false balance statements to persuade investors.

James Moore, 58, co-conspirator of Renwick Haddow aka Jonathan Black, was convicted for operating a Ponzi scheme through Bar Works Inc. Moore and Haddow are British citizens, and Haddow had previously been disqualified as a director of any U.K. company for 8 years. To disguise his identity, Haddow went by his alias name, and the two solicited investments into workspace leases through Bar Works. Haddow also operated Bitcoin Store Inc. Haddow pleaded guilty last month. Moore is seeking a new trial.

Stephen Condon Peters, 46, was found guilty by a North Carolina jury for the $15 million Ponzi scheme he ran through VisonQuest Wealth Management. Peters promised investors returns of 8% to 9% on low-risk investments. Peters diverted $6 million for his own personal use.

Benjamin Reynolds and Control-Finance Ltd. were sued by the CFTC who alleged that they ran a $47 million Ponzi scheme. The CFTC alleged that Control-Finance promised returns of 45% a month. The complaint seeks the returns of about 23,000 bitcoin, valued at $47 million and to bar the principals of UK-based Control-Finance Ltd. from trading. The scheme allegedly defrauded more than 1,000 investors by representing that the company employed expert virtual currency traders who earned guaranteed daily trading profits on bitcoin deposits.

Paul A. Rinfret, 70, was accused of running a securities Ponzi scheme in which he purported to trade in futures contracts relating to the S&P 500 utilizing a bespoke algorithm he had developed. Rinfret obtained more than $19 million form about 6 victims.

Daniel B. Rudden, 72, of Colorado was sentenced to 10 years plus one month in prison for running a Ponzi scheme that defrauded 175 victims. Rudden ran the scheme through Financial Visions, which provided funeral funding services to nearly 600 funeral homes and cemeteries. Investors were promised 12% interest, and losses were estimated at $19 million.
John Gregory Schmidt, 68, was sentenced to 5 years in prison in connection with a scheme run through Schmidt Investment Strategies Group while he was employed by Wells Fargo Advisors. Schmidt stole money from investment accounts in order to cover other stolen money in investors’ accounts. He was accused of having misappropriated about $1.1 million.
Lo Van Tran, 42, of California is accused of running a $3 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded more than 10 investors. Investigators are searching for more victims, and most of the victims are believed to be Vietnamese. Tran ran the scheme through SmartBuy Outlet Inc., which had two storefronts and operated under the name SavMax Solutions Inc. Tran claimed to have a partnership with a third-party logistics company known as Zyp Corporation which would allegedly facilitate the buying and selling of large amounts of Apple products. However, Zyp Corp. did not actually exist.

Christopher B. Warren, 50, of Florida was sentenced to 9 years in prison and ordered to pay $15 million in restitution in connection with a $28 million Ponzi scheme that he ran through Clean Energy Advisors. Warren claimed the company owned multiple solar farms in North Carolina, and he created phony audited financial statements to defraud investors.



Douglas Gordon Johnston was sentenced to 6 years in jail for his role in a scheme that defrauded investors out of about $815,000. Johnston ran the scheme through Small Business Management Pty Ltd. and Investman Nominees (USA) Pty Ltd with his wife Maureen Johnston, who was sentenced to 5½ years in connection with the scheme. Their daughter, Fiona Johnston, also received a 6-month sentence in connection with the scheme.

Liam James Collins, 45, and David James Robert Bone, 37, were each sentenced to 21 months in connection with a scheme run through a number of companies known as the CBS Group. Investors were told that their funds would be used to purchase and renovate student housing. After CBS Group failed, Collins and Bone set up a new investment scheme called the Collins and Bone Partnership.

Hudspiths Fund has been accused of operating a Ponzi scheme. The foreign exchange firm is believed to owe more than £40m to creditors. Hudspith’s chief executive Karl Lubieniecki denies the allegations.

Seven directors of IMA Jewelers were arrested in connection with the Ponzi scheme. Mohammed Mansoor Khan, the owner of IMA (I Monetary Advisory) Group of Companies, is still at large. More than 26,000 investors have lodged complaints. IMA promised 10% returns and claimed to have a presence in bullion trading, retails sales of gold, silver, diamond and platinum jewelry, educational academies, healthcare service, supermarkets and real estate development, among other things. Authorities several branches of IMA Jewels and seized 41 kg worth of jewelry.

Misbahuddin S. Mukarram, the managing director of Injaz Builders and Developers, was arrested on allegations that he defrauded investors out of Rs 89 crore, promising 25% monthly returns.


Uno Michael Eke was arrested for his role in the alleged Ponzi scheme run through Micheno Multi-purpose Cooperative Society Ltd. The scheme promised 80% interest in 40 days if they invested in Swissgolden packages.


Dexter Cuyos, 24, and Robert Padayogdog, 31, were arrested in connection with an alleged Ponzi scheme run through Kapa-Community Ministry International Inc., a religious organization that promised “too good to be true” investments. The assets of Kapa were frozen on allegations that it operated the largest investment scam in recent Philippine history. Kapa solicited investments in a minimum amount of P10,000 and promised investors a 30% monthly return for life. Kapa would need P15 billion per month to pay its alleged 5 million members. Pastor Joel Apolinario was accused of engineering the Ponzi scheme.


A class action was certified against Stuart Fraser, GAW Miners LLC and ZENMiner LLC, accusing them of defrauding thousands of investors

Court approval of a $65 million settlement for victims of the Stanford Financial Ponzi scheme was reversed by the Fifth Circuit. The settlement required insurers to pay $65 million to the receiver of the companies run by Allen Stanford. The First Circuit, however, found that the lower court did not have authority to void or release some claims against the insurances and to bar further legal challenges over their policies and the Stanford companies.

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